Ponaganset Post



The PONAGANSET Post

Vol.   XXXV                                                            No.  3                                        Spring 2018

Red Carpet Dance!

KELCY CONROY

On May 18, Student Council sponsored the last schoolwide dance of this school year, The Red Carpet Dance! The actual last dance of the year, the 8th grade dance, is on June 8.  It was very exciting because either I did not go to a lot of the dances this year or the dances I would have gone to were cancelled due to weather.

At the dance, there was a lot of fun stuff to do. One was that everybody got to wear a dress or fancy outfit. Most of the compliments given to Student Council were that a lot of people were dressed nicely.

Another fun sight was of course the red carpet! Everybody was able walk it before going into the room where the actual dance was held, in the cafeteria.

Student Council brought back their $1 cotton candy! There were two flavors, pink and blue. The cotton candy was so good that I bought three of them!

There were other fun things at the dance like the photo booth and tattoos! Personally, I think that the dance was a blast! It was one of my favorite dances yet, and a good way to wrap up the 2017-18 school year!


  Movie Review :

Love, Simon directed by Greg Berlanti

        MAKAYLA ANDERSON & DANIELA HARKNESS


“Love, Simon” is a movie about a senior in high school who has a happy, healthy life with good family and friends.  In fear of destroying this nearly perfect life he has known, he has been keeping what he describes as a “huge ass,” secret for the past four years.   

The main character, Simon, played by Nick Robinson, goes onto a website after his friend Leah tells him about a student who has just posted that he is gay, anonymously.  Simon reaches out via email to the boy who calls himself “Blue.” Simon, hiding his identity under the name “Jacques,” begins to chat back and forth with “Blue” and ends up falling in love with him.   Not knowing who he is actually writing to, Simon, throughout the movie, comes up a with a theory of three different people who could possibly be “Blue”. Martin, another student, uncovers the emails and the fact that Simon is gay.  He uses this information to bully Simon into playing matchmaker between him and one of Simon’s best friends. Later on in the story, Simon fails his task. People then begin to cyber-bully Martin. Martin then becomes upset and exposes Simon’s love story with the boy named “Blue”.  

This movie helped the viewer understand the real life challenges that some people have to face when dealing with the pain of being bullied, the effects of cyber-bullying and the struggles of being accepted for who you are. We like the fact that the movie included so many real life details, and so many great actors.  The movie portrayed important themes that people who haven’t faced, need to sooner or later by watching this movie.

We did not like how the friends betrayed Simon when they found out he was gay.   We understand that they were mad at him for other reasons, for example, for lying, but they should have stood by him during this tough and emotional time.  We feel his friends were being stubborn and should have put his feelings first in this specific situation. His friends knew that Martin outed Simon out of hate.  They should have been more understanding and supportive.

The film shows the effects of bullying realistically. Also, it sensitively portrays a situation that may be happening somewhere every day.  Although the movie is rated PG13, it is worth seeing.

                                                                                            


YES, THAT DAY HAS ALREADY ARRIVED...

Housekeeping robots are in the near future!

                                                                                     CARLENA SMITH  


         With so much technology nowadays, cutting-edge discoveries are right at our fingertips. Now, word on the street says that Amazon is working to create a housekeeping robot.  

So first there was the Amazon Kindle, a convenient digital book. Next, there was  “Alexa,” a virtual assistant. More improvements have been made, and now we are already starting on the “Alexa Smart-Home,” where the digital creation will be able to run your home when your away through use of your smart-phone. The possibilities are endless.

           According to a stunning report from Bloomberg, these new smart robots are said to wash dishes and vacuum. Imagine that! You will never again have to be nagged by parents to “clean up after yourself.”  Instead you’ll simply say, “Alexa, vacuum,” and your job is complete. Easy as pie, which Alexa will also clean up. However we are years-- maybe even decades from rediscovering “Rosie” from the 1960’s and 1980’s show “The Jetson’s,” about a family living in the future.

 However, there are issues with inventing a domestic robot. Siddhartha S. Srinivasa is a professor of robotics at the University of Washington. For example, Srinivasa wants the robot to actively engage with humans in the home, like the recently featured “Alexa” does. This means scientists will have to adjust the social norms. Such a robot would have to learn how household behaviors differ from house to house., so it can be customized to the way you want things done in your house.

Also, Amazon may have trouble with privacy questions. Upon entering the owner’s home, information that may be private or that owners want to be kept may be learned by the robot. Since data from the robot will be read by Amazon, an owner’s personal data may be placed at risk.  Therefore, Amazon is still struggling to protect their user data from companies like Facebook, which is currently under fire because they did not protect their user information.

But not to worry, Srinivasa is still hopeful and certain that someday, maybe not today, or tomorrow, but someday, “Rosie” will claim her fame not just as a cartoon character but as a real-life household helper!

Related image The History of Guinea Pigs

                                                                      with Taryn Cabral  

                                                           

Hello, and welcome to Taryn’s history class.Today we will be discussing the history of the guinea pig.

The guinea pig was first domesticated for food as early as 5000 B.C. They were used for food by tribes in the Andean region of South America.

A guinea pig is not in the guinea family nor is it in the pig family. The rodents actually got their names possibly from sailors when they were first brought these creatures from South America and later sold them for a guinea . A guinea is a term for an old English coin that was equal to about a pound in British money.

The majestic guinea pig is not a pig as the name indicates.  It is actually a rodent.

That my friends is the history of the glorious guinea pig. Today you have learned how they got their name, that they are not from Guinea or members of  the pig family, as well as where they did first originate. Class dismissed!

Battle of the Teams!

                                                                                      CARLENA SMITH

Battle of the Teams is a nail-biting competition between the six teams in the middle school. Orange, Yellow, Purple, Red, Blue and Green. With a scavenger hunt, and spirit week leading up to it, Battle of the Teams is by far the most action-packed event of the year. On the big day of the battle, students will wear their teams colors to support their team. For example, orange team would wear their orange shirts. Students from each team will compete in fun activities against other teams.

The second annual evening of Battle of the Teams will be hosted on April 27, 2018. Taking place from 6:30 to 8:30 P.M. But, the gymnasium will be open at 6:00 P.M, allowing students to decorate their team area in the gym. With a 10.00 admission fee, the cost includes a tee shirt with your teams color on it, along with two tickets. By putting your tickets in certain bins, you will have a chance to participate in the fun games. But note that each student will not participate in each game. Battle of the Teams is a good opportunity to take pride in your school and team. Hope to see you there!    May the Best Team Win!

SPIRIT WEEK !

                                    😎

                            (For the second time)

                                            TARYN CABRAL


Starting on Monday, April 23, through Friday, April 27, is PMS Spirit Week, for the second time.  Monday is “character day.” You can dress as a character from a book, movie, TV show, etc. Tuesday is “sports jersey day. It’s self- explanatory so I don't feel like explaining. Wednesday is “pajama day” (for the second time) and is also self explanatory. Thursday is “team wars.” Your team picks a theme and dresses as that theme. Friday is team color day, which is also self explanatory.  So show your PMS PRIDE, participate, and have fun!

By the way, this is leading up to “Battle of the Teams”!


Gypsy Moth Caterpillars
                  
      TARYN CABRAL

I am sure that everyone recognizes the caterpillar from the image above. A Gypsy Moth Caterpillar is an invasive species. For the past few years we have been experiencing big problems in with Gypsy Moth Caterpillars, and then when that's cleared up we need to deal with all the moths, and then worrying about touching one of the eggs every time you pick up a stick.

There is practically nothing good about these little caterpillars. They eat all the leaves on the tree until there is practically nothing there, and then they even start eating pine needles! What's just as bad is when the furs on them touch your skin.  It gives you a you have a rash that causes bad itching. I find it difficult to go outside with all the caterpillars around. Something else that's bad about Gypsy Moth Caterpillars is that their infestation even causes problems when you want to ride your bike. As you all know if you have experienced problems with the small creatures, sometimes they dangle on a long strand of silk that they are spinning. While riding, it's hard to dodge all the caterpillars, and, the next thing you know, they are in your hair, on your shirt, and on your face.

They first originated in Europe and Asia, and have lived there for thousands of years. They were introduced to North America in 1868 or 1869 by Leopold Trouvelot. He had hoped that he would be able to use the caterpillars to make a silk industry in the United States.  I don’t think his plan worked! Fortunately, there is only one g


Rhode Island Middle School Book Awards

KELCY CONROY

This March, it’s time to vote for Ponaganset Middle School’s favorite book!  The books are the Rhode Island Middle School Book Award nominees. To vote, you must have read 3 of the books.  Here are the nominees you can choose from:

All Rise for the Honorable Perry T. Cook by Leslie Connor

Awkward by Svetlana Chmakova

Beneath by Roland Smith

Blind Guide to Stinkville by Beth Vrabel

Book Scavenger by Jennifer Chambliss Bertman

Drowned City by Don Brown

Echo by Pam Muñoz Ryan

Falling Over Sideways by Jordan Sonnenblick

Firefly Code by Megan Frazer Blakemore

Ghost by Jason Reynolds

I Will Always Write Back by Caitlin Alifirenka & Martin Ganda

It Ain't So Awful, Falafel by Firoozeh Dumas

Lily and Dunkin by Donna Gephart

Nest by Kenneth Oppel

Orbiting Jupiter by Gary D. Schmidt

The Other Boy by M.G. Hennessey

Scourge by Jennifer A. Nielsen

Seventh Most Important Thing by Shelley Pearsall

Turning 15 on the Road to Freedom by Lynda Blackmon Lowery

When Friendship Followed Me Home by Paul Griffin


# Respect

      

CARLENA SMITH

Last Friday, in all advisories, we pledged to end the use of hurtful words, as we watched a video put together by the Unified basketball/ Cheer teams. Last Monday, we all signed a banner with “#RESPECT” written on it.   By signing this, we pledged to spread the word, to end the disrespectful word. We are showing respect to others by using kind words about others instead of hurtful ones.

You may also spot another banner with the word “UNITY” located near the stairs. This banner has the handprints of the team printed around the perimeter. It symbolizes how we should all come together, as one, and support each other. Unified Basketball/Cheer wants to show us that we should put aside our differences, and act as one. We should be kind and support each other. So let’s all come together and end the use of hurtful words. Go Unified!  

 

Can Slime Be Dangerous?

HUNTER DIONNE

Slime is one of the strange fads of this year and last year. However, slime isn't always the playful slime you play with. The slime you know is a substance made usually with glue, shaving cream, tide (or borax) and that is similar to oobleck(A substance that acts as a solid when impacted with something and acts as a liquid when in impact with something slow).

Most people play with their slime on their dinner table, yes, tide or borax, on your hands, on your dinner table, sounds safe? First of all, that slime could get in your food, and then guess what, that could lead to death. Well, if you eat enough at least. I’ll put it this way, don't eat tide or borax! Also, kids have burned, yes burned, their hands because of allergies to tide or borax. “Hey, let's go play with some slime! Ah! My hand is turning red! My skin! Help!” Wonder what would happen if someone ate it.

An 11-year-old girl once got severe burns from the borax in slime, but what happens if you eat it? Ingesting a lot of slime will lead to an experience of toxic reaction, mainly because of the borax. Sound fun? Slime seems pretty dangerous. However, there are slimes that are not dangerous and can even be edible.        

All that was a type of slime, what if slime can be more dangerous, kill people. In fact, what if slime was a mold? Guess what, it is! Slime mold is a name given to several kinds of unrelated eukaryotic organisms that can be single cells or can aggregate together to make a multicellular reproductive structures. I know, I know, I'm a geek. There are over 900 species of this “slime” in the world. These organisms feed off of microorganisms on dead plants, and some bacteria. These “slimes”  are usually found in soil, lawns, and forest floor.

So, what did we learn today? We learned that slime can burn your hands, and there is other types of slime that eat and kill bacteria. So, slime sounds like a extremely safe and fun thing *wink* *wink*.

     

Works Cited

Snopes (https://www.snopes.com/slime-health-risks/) and Introduction to the “Slime

           Molds” (http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/protista/slimemolds.html)


This issue of the POST is edited by:  THOMAS JAQUES

Bullying

  TARYN CABRAL

Almost every child has experienced bullying before in there life. Most bullies are people who have low self-esteem. Self-esteem is the amount of confidence that someone has for themselves. If someone has low self-esteem they may start picking on somebody else. The reason that they do this is because they try to make someone else feel worse than they themselves feel and make the bully feel better about themselves.

There are several non-violent ways that you can approach a bully that can make them stop. By using these methods, it would then get the bully to back off. The reason it would is it would then make it so there is no point in them picking on you anymore, because a bully would most likely go for someone who is shy or quiet.

One way you can stop them is by just ignoring them. If you have no response, then they would see no point in picking on you anymore and they would stop after a bit. Another way to stop the issue is to try and be a little stern, and to show more confidence. With this the bully may feel small, and leave you alone. Another approach is to just pretend it was nothing for example when they tell you something mean, just say something like, “Thats nice”, in a kind tone of voice, and they will find that it is no fun to bully you, and stop. If someone ever physically hurts you, I recommend you go to a teacher or any other trusted adult immediately.

A New Art: Olympic Style-Speed Tears up the Rink

THOMAS JAQUES


Image 1: Thomas Hong (right) gets low to the ice for his short-track event last month at the Olympic trials. He also sports a suit that aims to help Hong go faster by reducing resistance, known as drag, from the air. Photo from: U.S. Speedskating


When you tune into the 2018 Winter Olympics in the next week or 2, you'll see plenty of painstakingly picked pieces of clothing. In some cases, the outfits do more than just make competitors look snazzy: They can actually help them go faster.                                                                                                                Photo from: U.S. Speedskating

You'll notice such high-tech duds during speed-skating events, where athletes zip around ice rinks. It takes a lot of coordination to pick up speed while balancing on a blade — especially in short-track events, where skaters race all at once in a pack that is prone to painful pileups. So every sliver-of-a-second counts.

But how can a suit speed you up?

Wave your hand around. You might feel some air blowing past you, but you probably don't feel that it's slowing you down. Imagine doing the same thing in a pool. You would feel resistance from the water. That's called drag. Air drags on you less than water, but drag it does.

Unfortunately for speed skaters, the human body isn't especially aerodynamic, which means we're not good at moving through air without encountering drag. Even strands of hair can catch air and slow us down. That's why swimmers often shave their bodies. It makes them better at slipping through water.

A skater's suit covers the body so that lumpy, bumpy skin isn't getting dragged through the air. Smooth surfaces such as nylon and spandex make the body sleeker, which makes it more aerodynamic.

Many countries, including the United States, take that idea even further.

When designers at Under Armour crafted the U.S. suits for 2014, they spent more than two years testing more than 100 kinds of fabric in about 250 combinations. Using different materials meant designers had to be strategic about sewing them together. They did not want any bulging seams to increase a skater's drag. They also wanted to minimize friction, or the force of two surfaces rubbing against each other. That way, skaters lost less speed as their thighs moved past each other and when their arms rubbed against their bodies.

Designers at Under Armour also added tiny bumps to their speed-skating suits. That sounds like it would increase drag, but those ridges keep skaters speedy for the same reason that golf balls whiz through the sky: The air above each dimple forms a little whirlpool, spinning quickly. That makes the surface move through the air as if it is on ball bearings! This adds a tiny lick of speed.

Despite all that work, Under Armour's 2014 speed-skating suits didn't get much praise. In fact, the designs received some of the blame when U.S. skaters performed poorly. Most experts say the outfits weren't responsible for those lagging times. Still, athletes were so worried about it that the team switched to old suits for the rest of their events.

That just goes to show how important comfort and confidence are to performance. Norway's team recently announced that its members would be wearing blue suits because they skated faster in them than red ones. Unless they're bluffing, the only explanation for that improvement is that they simply feel faster in blue — which could make them skate faster.

So when you watch your favorite winter event, take a moment to appreciate the gold medalist's fashion choices. They’re probably the result of years of research.

Groundhog Day: True or false?

TARYN CABRAL

February second was Groundhog Day. Everyone knows that if the groundhog sees his shadow, we get six more weeks of winter. But is the really true?

The answer is no. The true first day of spring is always March 20th, also known as the vernal equinox. Groundhog Day is more of a superstition and is very inaccurate. The groundhog is only correct 39 percent of the time.

When I was little, I used to think that it was true that if the groundhog saw his shadow, we would get six more weeks of winter. Then I realized one day that that can't be possible and doesn't make much sense. What do you think about Groundhog Day?

Power of Love Studios presents:  Fluffy Cloud Sparkle

                         by JACK ROCKWELL & PETER PELLEGRINO

In Super Bowl ads, a play for values and a contentious MLK message

THOMAS JAQUESIn this image from PepsiCo, Morgan Freeman stars in a Mountain Dew ad for the 2018 Super Bowl. Photo by PepsiCo via AP

Advertisers tried to play up American values and not fumble the ball during Sunday's Super Bowl, yet one waded into controversy by using the voice of Martin Luther King Jr.

In the biggest U.S. television advertising event of the year, most spots featured humor, celebrities and a feel-good message, steering clear of a politically divisive environment.

A surprise came with the words of slain civil rights leader King in an ad for Dodge Ram, a unit of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, where he is heard saying, "We recognize that he who is greatest among you shall be the servant."

The "Built to Serve" ad drawing on a sermon by King sought to highlight community service but it sparked an outcry over the use of King's legacy.

There was an abundance of angrily-disagreeing opinions posted on twitter and from historians and professors of some of the USA’s biggest universities.

The King Center, which maintains archives of the civil rights leader, said in a tweet that neither the center nor King's daughter Bernice had approved the use of the sermon for commercial purposes.

Many of the Super Bowl ads sought to focus on social themes without being political.

Budweiser promoted its canned water for disaster relief, Toyota showcased the Paralympics and T-Mobile showed babies of various races in a message about equality.

Marketing professors estimate nearly one in four ads mentioned a unifying social theme, a far higher percentage than in the past.

Toyota was a clear winner with its ads focused on unity and social values by telling the story of Paralympic medalist Lauren Woolstencroft, who was born without legs below the knee.

On the humorous side, the "fire and ice" spot with Morgan Freeman and "Game of Thrones" star Peter Dinklage for Mountain Dew and Doritos also appeared to score well.

Everyone seemed to love that.

Funny ads were plentiful: Actor Danny DeVito sprung to life as an M&M, and NFL stars Eli Manning and Odell Beckham gave an awkward reprise of a scene from the film "Dirty Dancing" in a promotion for the sport.

But marketers appeared to steer clear of politics or overt suggestive material, given a divisive atmosphere in politics and the #MeToo movement against sexual harassment.

Amazon's ad, "Alexa Loses Her Voice," featuring CEO Jeff Bezos and celebrities Gordon Ramsay, Anthony Hopkins, Cardi B and Rebel Wilson replacing the voice of the digital assistant, appeared to be a hit.

Amazon used celebrities to drive home the message of what Alexa does.

Super Bowl ads cost an estimated $5 million for 30 seconds but the event is likely the only one with an audience of more than 100 million people.

For advertisers, a Super Bowl ad is absolutely worth it. It can boost brand equity and possibly sales ... but it has to be a good ad.


Works Cited

Newsela | Super Bowl Ads Entertain - and Offend - Viewers, newsela.com/read/superbowl-ads-  show-family-values/id/40209/ .

Pointless Movies 🎥

                                           TARYN CABRAL

 

The first movie is “The Emoji Movie.” I have not seen the movie, and don’t plan to. I think that it is odd that they did a movie about emojis. I think that they’re cute and all, but they didn’t need to make a movie about it. I think it is just another animated kids’ movie that lacks a point.

The next movie on the list is “Trolls.” I literally watched 5 minutes of this movie and turned it off. The movie was kind of weird, and the 1 song I was there for was awful. I turned it off about halfway through the first song. Plus, “Trolls” was made by Dreamworks and, in my opinion, they aren’t as good as Disney. There are only about 2 Dreamworks movies that I enjoyed.

The next movie is “Storks.” This one I have seen before, and it wasn't very good. It is probably the first and last time I will see it. That is all the pointless movies for now.  If you do like these movies, it’s ok and I respect that!😀


The Chronicles of Ambrosia Ellington #2

                                               KATHERINE CLIFFORD


“Ames, time for dinner. Did you put on your dress?” my mom called up the stairs.

I sighed and walked over to my dress, which was carelessly slung over my rolling chair. The dress was maroon, slightly a-line, and had a couple of sparkly hearts on it. The material was really soft. I threw it on with a pair of black leggings and ran down the stairs.

My mom smiled at me. “I’m glad you decided to go. It’ll be fun and you have a gorgeous voice.”

“Thanks,” I replied through a forced smile.

Mom didn’t notice and turned back to the stove, where she was assembling the pasta, marinara sauce, and meatballs. We ate dinner and half and hour later Iwas standing in front of the school.

Maddie and Jess ran towards me. Jess’s eyes shined with excitement. “You came!” she exclaimed happily.

“Yeah,” I mumbled unenthusiastically. This doesn’t waver her joy, though, and she ignored my tone of voice. We walked into the auditeria, which had a disco ball hanging from the ceiling and a microphone in the center of the stage. Everyone was talking and laughing. My stomach clenched.

“C’mon,” Maddie said. “Let’s sign up to sing.”

My heart  started to pound, but I was paralyzed and there was nothing keeping Maddie from yanking my arm toward the sign up sheet. I wrote my name shakily while thinking, What am I doing?

A couple of minutes later they started calling out the names of the people who signed up. Before I knew it, it was my turn. “Amy Ellington,” the announcer boomed. It’s easier to use “Amy” rather than explain my weird name.  

“Here you go,” Mr. Tallis whispered, handing me the microphone.

My hands were clammy, my heart was beating out of my chest, and I was sweating like crazy.

“What song?” Mrs. Leone asks.

“‘I’m Not That Girl,’ from Wicked,” I said, my voice quivering. I took a deep breath and stepped into the lights. All eyes were on me. The music started. I opened my mouth…


Find out what Ambrosia does as her adventure continues...


The Chronicles of Ambrosia Ellington #2

                                               KATHERINE CLIFFORD


“Ames, time for dinner. Did you put on your dress?” my mom called up the stairs.

I sighed and walked over to my dress, which was carelessly slung over my rolling chair. The dress was maroon, slightly a-line, and had a couple of sparkly hearts on it. The material was really soft. I threw it on with a pair of black leggings and ran down the stairs.

My mom smiled at me. “I’m glad you decided to go. It’ll be fun and you have a gorgeous voice.”

“Thanks,” I replied through a forced smile.

Mom didn’t notice and turned back to the stove, where she was assembling the pasta, marinara sauce, and meatballs. We ate dinner and half and hour later Iwas standing in front of the school.

Maddie and Jess ran towards me. Jess’s eyes shined with excitement. “You came!” she exclaimed happily.

“Yeah,” I mumbled unenthusiastically. This doesn’t waver her joy, though, and she ignored my tone of voice. We walked into the auditeria, which had a disco ball hanging from the ceiling and a microphone in the center of the stage. Everyone was talking and laughing. My stomach clenched.

“C’mon,” Maddie said. “Let’s sign up to sing.”

My heart  started to pound, but I was paralyzed and there was nothing keeping Maddie from yanking my arm toward the sign up sheet. I wrote my name shakily while thinking, What am I doing?

A couple of minutes later they started calling out the names of the people who signed up. Before I knew it, it was my turn. “Amy Ellington,” the announcer boomed. It’s easier to use “Amy” rather than explain my weird name.  

“Here you go,” Mr. Tallis whispered, handing me the microphone.

My hands were clammy, my heart was beating out of my chest, and I was sweating like crazy.

“What song?” Mrs. Leone asks.

“‘I’m Not That Girl,’ from Wicked,” I said, my voice quivering. I took a deep breath and stepped into the lights. All eyes were on me. The music started. I opened my mouth…


Find out what Ambrosia does as her adventure continues...


 A Timeline of the Heavenly Pair:

 Valentine’s Day and Chocolate

                                                                      CARLENA SMI